Pest Extermination Phoenix, Tucson AZ
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Roach Control, Exterminators Phoenix, Tucson, AZ

Roach Exterminators PhoenixRoaches are frequently believed to share a common ancestor with termites because of the mutual possession of cellulytic symbiotic protozoa in the gut, but this interpretation has been criticized (Thorne 1990). Like termites, some roach species can digest wood. Although some disagreement has occurred as to their taxonomic classification, cockroaches have been placed in the Orthoptera (with crickets, mantids, and grasshoppers) or in a separate order, the Blattoidea, family Blattida. Approximately 4000-7500 species of cockroaches exist, but only a very small fraction of these species are considered pests (i.e., American, German, Oriental, brown-banded, smokybrown, and Asian). Many species inhabit ant, wasp, termite colony nests, caves, animal burrows, and even mines.

Because cockroaches contaminate food with their excrement and secrete an unpleasant odor which can permeate the indoor environment, these insects are considered by most homeowners and entomologists to be one of the worst household pests. Many individuals develop allergies to these insects. Data from one study showed that 7.5% of 253 normal people showed allergic skin responses to extracts of cockroaches while 28% of 114 allergic people were affected. Allergens present in the feces of the German cockroach can become airborne along with normal house dust. The allergens can then be inhaled from the air or ingested when in contact with food.

Roach Environment

Many of the environmental requirements of cockroaches (i.e., high humidity, warmth, and food sources) can be found in a typical home. Cockroaches evolved as scavengers of decaying plant materials, hence they will readily feed on carbohydrates, but they will also feed on a variety of other foods, including paints, wallpaper pastes, and book bindings. Homes also provide shelter and a multitude of warm and humid niches for their survival. Interestingly, some evidence suggests that cockroaches adapted to life with primates because of the discovery of these insects in an orangutan nest.

The lifecycle begins when a mature female cockroach produces an eggcase or ootheca. Females can carry an egg case with them for quite some time, dropping the case wherever it may fall (i.e., in pockets, briefcases, drawers). This habit can lead to the rapid dissemination of these insects, because each ootheca may contain hundreds of eggs which hatch into small versions of the adults, called nymphs. Nymphs can be recognized by the absence of wings, so conspicuously apparent in the adults. Mature cockroach nymphs are almost as large as the adults, but require another molt to reach adulthood.

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